Surveillance of media and Internet stepped up under new civilian president

first_img News US journalist held in Yangon prison notorious for torture RSF asks Germany to let Myanmar journalist Mratt Kyaw Thu apply for asylum May 17, 2011 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Surveillance of media and Internet stepped up under new civilian president News to go further May 12, 2021 Find out more MyanmarAsia – Pacific Thai premier, UN rapporteurs asked to prevent journalists being returned to Myanmar News Organisation Receive email alerts Follow the news on Myanmar Help by sharing this information Rules for Owners of Public Access Centres1. Personal information of PAC users such as name, National Registration Card number, passport number (if the user is a foreigner), contact address, telephone number etc. must be registered.2. Service Records of all PAC users (date, time, screen shot, URLs) must be submitted once a month to the Directorate of Communication.3. Utilizing Internet for international phone calls is prohibited as it is illegal and not permitted by the Department of Communication.4. PACs are not allowed to use software, programs and technologies banned by the Ministry of Post and Telecommunication, Directorate of Communication and Department of Communication. PACs must also make sure that such software, programs and technologies are not utilized by their customers.5. PAC users must be informed by means of written notice that cyber crimes (hacking, virus distribution, port scanning etc.) and viewing, copying and distributing of media that is not in line with Myanmar culture are prohibited.6. Computers at the PACs are not allowed to have floppy drive, CD drive, USB port and other external drives.7. PAC license holders are obliged to permit inspections by PAC service providers, and officials from the ministry and the directorate, and local authorities.8. Leasing or transferring of PAC license is prohibited. Owners can apply permission from the directorate if they wish to change the location of PAC or technologies used.9. Owners may submit application to renew PAC license 30 days prior to the expiry date. Renewal fee / annual fee has to be prepaid. Owners who failed to pay in time will be fined 30,000 kyats per every delayed month. License will be revoked if required payment is not made within 90 days.10. In case of lost or damage of the original document (license), a copy of it may be issued against payment.11. Computer Development Law must be observed and restrictions stipulated by Ministry of Post and Telecommunication’s WAN-order no. 3/2002 must be followed. Orders and instructions made by the government, ministries, Department of Communication and Directorate of Communication must be observed. Perpetrators will not only have their PAC license revoked but also be punished according to the existing laws.12. Information that could harm State’s security and interest must not be leaked. Perpetrators who leak such information will be punished with State Secret Act.At the end of 2010, the authorities gave themselves the means to cut off the public’s Internet access during any social or political crisis without having to disconnect themselves at the same time. A reorganization of Internet Service Providers, billed as major step forward, has enabled the authorities to increase online surveillance and repression while improving the quality of their own Internet connections.Reporters Without Borders and the Burma Media Association released an exclusive report on the subject, entitled “National Web portal – development or repression,” last November.Burma’s Internet legislation is long been one of the most repressive in the world. Under the 1996 Electronic Act, which covers the Internet, TV and radio, importing, owning or using a modem without an official permit is punishable by up to 15 years in prison as a “violation of state security, national unity, culture, the national economy, law and order.” Three netizens – Zarganar, Nay Phone Latt and Kaung Myat Hlaing (also known as “Nat Soe”) – are still serving long jail sentences for expressing their views freely online.Burma is on the Reporters Without Borders list of “Enemies of the Internet.” Amnesty International puts the number of Burmese political prisoners at more than 2,200. They include 17 video journalists (VJ) employed by the exile TV and radio station Democratic Voice of Burma, which recently launched a campaign for their release with support from Reporters Without Borders. News MyanmarAsia – Pacific May 26, 2021 Find out more Press freedom and online freedom of information are still being flouted in Burma, three months after Thein Sein’s election as a civilian president. He promised to “respect the role of the media” but heavy jail sentences for journalists, suspension of newspapers and police raids on Internet cafés show that there has been no let-up in controls and intimidation. And now a string of new measures have just tightened control over Internet use.“Thein Sein announced a general amnesty on 16 April for prisoners sentenced to death but there has been no pardon for Burma’s 2,000 political prisoners,” Reporters Without Borders said. “The regime’s professions of good intentions aim to deflect attention from recent measures designed to reinforce restrictions on news and information.“The authorities clearly fear that the Arab Spring could spread. The new regulations are intended to intimidate Burmese Internet users and cut them off from the outside world. It is unacceptable that Burma is reacting in this way while chairing ASEAN, whose charter mentions respect for fundamental freedoms, the promotion and protection of human rights and the promotion of social justice.”The press freedom organization added: “We urge ASEAN’s members including Indonesia, which takes over its presidency this year, to put pressure on Burma to adhere to this regional organization’s principles.”Reporters Without Borders learned last week that the Burmese government’s censorship bureau, called the Press Scrutiny and Registration Division (PSRD), has suspended the Rangoon-based weekly True News for two weeks – supposedly for misreporting a mobile phone offer by the Ministry of Communications, Posts and Telegraphs (MCPT). According to the exile news outlet Irrawaddy, the MCPT objected to a report quoting its chief telecommunications engineer, Zaw Min Oo, as saying anyone who owned a GSM mobile phone, which retail for 1.5 million kyat (US $1,830), would be able to get a second one for just 50,000 kyat ($60). But a True News reporter who requested anonymity said other articles published by weekly were the real reason for the suspension.At the same time, the MCPT has just sent a new set of rules to Internet cafés, which were already subject to draconian regulations imposed by the ministry, including a requirement to keep the personal data of all their clients along with a record of all the websites they visit, and make it available to the authorities.The new set of directives includes a ban on the use of portable hard disks, USB flash drives and CDs in Internet cafés, and a ban on the use of Internet telephony (VoIP) services to call abroad. The grounds given by the ministry is the need to protect the state’s income from international phone calls but it will isolate dissidents more and discourage Internet users from expressing themselves freely. Above all, it will affect users of services such as Skype, Gtalk, Pfingo and VZO, which are hard to monitor for the authorities.Reporters Without Borders has obtained a copy of the directives, which were emailed to Internet cafés earlier this month. How they will be implemented is not always clear: May 31, 2021 Find out more RSF_en last_img read more

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Major flooding continues South as new storm to bring snow to California, Southwest

first_imgABC NewsBy MAX GOLEMBO, ABC News(NEW YORK) — Rivers continue to flow out of their banks from Texas to West Virginia where 18 states are on alert for flooding on Wednesday.The Kentucky River and Ohio River are most at risk for major to moderate flooding to continue for the next several days as entire towns continue to be submerged under water in Kentucky where a state of emergency has been declared.The rain, however, should stay away from the flooded region for the next several days.A new storm system is set to move into southern California Wednesday with snow for Los Angeles and San Diego mountains. This would be the first rain in Los Angeles since January.Locally, 6 inches of snow is possible for higher elevations north and east of Los Angeles and San Diego.This storm will move into the southern and central Rockies by Wednesday night with heavy snow expected from northern Arizona into Utah, Colorado and northern New Mexico, and some areas could see more than 10 inches of snow by Thursday.In the Northeast and for most of the country, it will feel like spring Wednesday with temperatures near 60 in Denver, near 70 in Kansas City, in the 50s for Chicago and New York City and near 60 in Washington, D.C.Unfortunately, the Northeast will not keep the mild spring-like weather for the rest of the week.The cold air will return to the Northeast by Thursday night and into Friday, with wind chills once again dropping below zero in upstate New York and New England.Copyright © 2021, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.last_img read more

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Prep Sports Roundup: 1/16

first_img Tags: Roundup January 16, 2021 /Sports News – Local Prep Sports Roundup: 1/16 Written by FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailBoys BasketballRegion 12MONROE, Utah-Moroni Seely Roberts led the way with 24 points as the Grand Red Devils edged South Sevier 67-63 Saturday in Region 12 boys basketball action. Carter Peterson amassed 21 points and 12 rebounds in the loss for the Rams. Grand improved to 12-0 and 2-0 in Region 12 play with the win.Girls BasketballRegion 12MOAB, Utah-Presley Chappell posted 16 points and the South Sevier Rams routed Grand 61-26 in Region 12 girls basketball action Saturday. Josalyn Murphy had 8 points in defeat for the Red Devils.Non-RegionGREEN RIVER, Utah-Taylnn Lovato amassed 19 points as the Green River Pirates downed Escalante 49-43 Saturday in non-region girls basketball action. Mackenzie Lyman led the Moquis in the loss with 18 points. Brad Jameslast_img read more

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Del Norte captures Big 5 title with 24-14 win on the road over Eureka

first_imgEUREKA >> With the league title on the line in the mud and muck at Albee Stadium, it wasn’t just the little things that ended up being the difference.Simply put, big plays ended up deciding the Big 5 championship.Dayton Skeen’s 70-yard kick return following a safety kick-started things and Korey Osborne’s run from 55 yards out put the icing on the cake, as the Warriors claimed a hard-fought, 24-14, victory over Eureka to claim their second league title in three years on Friday night.“Winning …last_img

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Steve Kerr on Warriors’ bench: ‘I probably should’ve used them earlier’

first_imgClick here if you’re unable to view the photo gallery on your mobile device.Klay Thompson subscribes. You can too for just 11 cents a day for 11 months + receive a free Warriors Championship book. Sign me up!HOUSTON – The words likely sounded reassuring to a Warriors bench that experienced inconsistency with their production and their minutes.“I probably should’ve used them earlier,” Warriors coach Steve Kerr said following the team’ s 118-113 Game 6 win over the Houston Rockets to close out …last_img

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Our Solar System Is a Rare Gem

first_imgAs if in time for the upcoming film release of The Privileged Planet (see 06/24/2004 headline), Philip Ball wrote a line for Nature Science Update that would have dismayed Carl Sagan and a host of SETI researchers: “Earth-like planets may be more rare than thought… In cosmic terms, our solar system could be special after all.”  The opinion is coming from research on extrasolar planets that suggests they were formed by a different process than what formed ours.  If that is so, according to Martin Beer, our solar system may be highly unusual and “there won’t necessarily be lots of other Earths up there.”  Ball comments,Ever since Copernicus displaced the Earth from the centre of the Universe, astronomers have tended to assume that there is nothing special about our place in the cosmos.  But apparently our planetary system might not be so normal after all.  Is it just chance that makes Jupiter different from other extrasolar planets?  Beer and his colleagues suspect not.Ball suggests that our solar system was formed by accretion of planetesimals, whereas the extrasolar planets seen so far were formed by a rapid disk instability process.  The observations show 110 Jupiter-class objects with wildly eccentric orbits or orbits too close to the star; in either case, rocky planets in the habitable zone could not exist.  In contrast, our Jupiter is far from the sun, and both Earth and Jupiter have nearly circular orbits.  More observations will be required to discern whether there really are two methods for making solar systems, and for determining “how unusual we really are.”    An article on Astrobiology Magazine makes a similar statement.  “On the evidence to date, our solar system could be fundamentally different from the majority of planetary systems around stars because it formed in a different way.  If that is the case, Earth-like planets will be very rare.”  Space.Com has a similar report.It was common for magazine and newspaper articles in the Sagan era to claim as matters of fact, “We are nothing special,” and to drone in weary prose set to timeless Vangelis music about how we are lost in space, drifting aimlessly on a tiny speck of insignificant dust in a vast, uncaring universe.  The data so far are not supporting that point of view.  Also, to set the record straight, Copernicus did not displace Earth from the center of the universe, because medieval cosmologists never put it there to begin with (see 06/24/2004 headline).    It’s refreshing to see Philip Ball and some others starting to change their tone and recognize the extraordinary congruence of improbable factors that make our planet beautiful.  Next step is to help them cure their bad habit of talking like eyewitness news reporters, and treating speculative theories as historical facts.  Most of the following fairy tale from the NSU article, for instance, is built on imagination, not fact:The planets in our Solar System were put together from small pieces.  The cloud of gas and dust that surrounded our newly formed Sun agglomerated into little pebbles, which then collided and stuck together to form rocky boulders and eventually mini-planets, called planetesimals.  The coalescence of planetesimals created rocky planets such as Earth and Mars, and the solid cores of giant planets such as Jupiter, which then attracted thick atmospheres of gas.Recent observations are showing that stars blast away their dust disks in short order, far too rapidly for the formation of planets, even if the rest of the fairy tale were true.  But then, small bits of dust and rock do not stick together; they bounce.  What’s more, it takes a pretty large body to have enough gravity to start attracting material around it, and then it has to stop attracting material in time to avoid being dragged into the star.  So there are multiple improbabilities in getting a solar system to form.  Even the showcase of planetary evolution, Tau Ceti, is now looking too hostile to be considered a planet garden (see 07/06/2004 headline).  If you don’t accept the Design viewpoint, you have to thank your lucky star: the sun.(Visited 12 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

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Twitter Is Now The Best Way To Follow Election Results

first_imgThe Dos and Don’ts of Brand Awareness Videos Tags:#2012 election#Internet TV#TV#twitter dan frommer A Comprehensive Guide to a Content Audit Facebook is Becoming Less Personal and More Pro…center_img Guide to Performing Bulk Email Verification In case you missed it, the United States elected a president yesterday. I try to stay away from politics — it’s only fun in Chicago, anyway — but last night, I anxiously tuned in.Election night television, it seems, hasn’t changed much in the past four years — the same guys in the same bad suits, pointing at maps, reading wire updates, and trying not to screw up. The biggest difference, I noticed, is how the main tool I really used was Twitter.To the daily Twitter user, this, by now, seems obvious; a cliché barely worth repeating. But step back for a second and think back to an era — not long ago — when this didn’t exist. When the only analysis and opinion you had instant access to was from your friends in the room and the mouth-breathers the TV producers had picked for you.Then look over at Twitter, where the room is bursting with fresh news, links, photos from everywhere, alerts that Karl Rove is melting down or that Diane Sawyer seems wasted, jokes coming so fast that you can barely keep up. (Many of them even funny.) You control the content, the sources, the volume, the pace, and your drink. Sometimes, it’s wrong, but it’s quickly corrected, and you should be more skeptical anyway. And if you want, you can participate. You’re not just watching.Over the past ten days, with Hurricane Sandy and now the election, I’ve spent an unusual amount of time at home, sitting on my couch. The TV was often on, and sometimes useful: Some stuff is still better and faster observed in live video format. The emotion of an extended human speech will probably never travel well in 140-character text messages. Likewise, a television meltdown is still more memorable and lasting than a Twitter meltdown, perhaps because of its relative improbability.But these days, if I had to choose one media tool to rely on — a cable box with 200 channels or a well-curated Twitter feed — Twitter now wins every time, no contest. And when I have both, I’m mostly paying attention to Twitter, with the TV providing background noise. The “second screen” is now my first screen. And compared to Facebook, which has been a relative disappointment over the past few big events — stale news and links, lame comments from distant relatives or acquaintances, too many sponsored Greek yogurt recipe links — Twitter is mostly doing it right.While you’re here:Obviously, most people still aren’t using Twitter. This is really Twitter’s biggest job — getting more people to use it. The service is stable, the product is good, and the business is coming along. But most people still aren’t using it. So: How? A mix of distribution, marketing, product design, and magic, I guess. One likely problem: It’s still too hard for people to get started with Twitter. I’m generally happy with my view of Twitter and the 2,200+ people I follow, but I’ve spent the past 5 years refining that list. This seems to be why Twitter is pushing things like curated Twitter pages for big events like the election and the Olympics. They’re so much better than an empty timeline, or 10 random celebrities, but there’s so much more to do here.This is where Twitter’s “cards” thing might actually be interesting. When NPR tweets out an election news update, for example, it might be cool to be able to attach some sort of live or interactive version of the state-by-state “big board” it was keeping on its website. This might get annoying — Twitter’s all-time best feature is its simplicity — but we’ll see. Likewise, companies will have to weigh the costs and benefits of displaying this sort of information within Twitter, rather than using Twitter to drive people to their own websites. (What’s my attention worth to NPR on their website vs. on Twitter? Is it a big difference or a small one? How to really measure?) But it’s at least worth thinking about.That whole Twitter developer drama shitstorm feels like it happened ages ago. I don’t know about you, but I haven’t been using Twitter less since then. Nor have I felt any urge to use App.net, or some other alternative. If anything, Facebook and Instagram seem less exciting to me these days, but that’s another post. And this isn’t to say Twitter is perfect — many of the company’s decisions are frustrating or annoying — but relative to most companies and services I deal with, it’s pretty solid.The iPad mini was great on election night. It’s almost the perfect Twitter device: Light enough to hold for hours, but more tweets on the screen than an iPhone. And it was easy to switch to handheld TV mode, via the Time Warner Cable app, when I wanted to watch two channels at a time. This sort of living-room-couch usage is where a bigger iPad “classic” is also great, especially if you’re mostly resting it on your lap or a table. (I’d still like to consider an even bigger iPad for this sort of situation, see Forget The iPad Mini – Is There Room For An iPad Maxi?) But the mini definitely didn’t feel too small for couch surfing; I’d still recommend it as the go-to iPad. (More here.) Related Posts last_img read more

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Court puts cruelty against elephants at Amber Fort under scanner

A magistrate’s court in Amber, near here, has directed the police to investigate into cruelty against elephants used as a tourist attraction and for giving joy rides to the visitors to the historic Amber Fort. Nearly 103 elephants regularly carry tourists up and down a deep slope at the fort built by the erstwhile Kachwaha Rajput rulers.The court of Additional Chief Metropolitan Magistrate has asked the police to register a first information report against the accused involved in animal abuse and cruelty, if a complaint made to it was found valid, and submit a report before it. The order came on the complaint filed by Gauri Maulekhi, trustee of the People for Animals.Ms. Maulekhi said nearly 103 elephants at the Amber Fort were being ill-treated and forced to carry load more than the prescribed limits and were suffering from several health problems. They are housed in “Haathi Gaon”, a concrete housing structure situated four km away. The way the elephants were being treated amounted to an offence under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, according to the complaint.Previous enquiriesThe Animal Welfare Board of India has conducted multiple investigations in the past, disclosing the conditions under which these elephants are tortured. They suffer from the blows of ‘ankush’ or bullhook, which is prohibited, and from beating, kicking and insufficient diet and inadequate medical care.Ms. Maulekhi expressed hope that the court order would help stop the torture to which the elephants were being subjected for long. “Most of the 103 elephants have open wounds, scars, are chained when not working and display stereotypical behaviour caused by lack of natural mental stimulation,” she said.The foreign tourists who frequent the elephant rides at the fort are often unaware of the cruelty behind them. None of the elephants qualifies all the criteria set for registration with the AWBI under the Performing Animals (Registration) Rules, 2001. read more

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J&K police decides to recruit only “permanent residents” to women constables post

first_imgThe Jammu & Kashmir police, in a fresh notification issued on Monday, has decided to recruit only “permanent residents” to 1,350 post of women constables, despite the State Subject law, Article 35-A, ceasing to be in vogue after the August 5 presidential order diluting it.A police spokesman said the recruitment for two women battalions, one each from Jammu and Kashmir regions, will entertain only “permanent residents” and “any candidate furnishing wrong information shall attract legal action”.On the directions of Director-General of Police Dilbagh Singh, the dates for submitting the forms have been extended to October 23, in the wake of non-availability of the Internet. The police spokesman said forms for the posts would be made available at the district level from September 23 and the candidates can now file forms physically at the police’s district headquarters. Earlier, the forms were only online.The vacancies were announced by the Home Ministry in March. It will see 60% of the recruitments from the border districts of Baramulla, Kupwara, Bandipora, Jammu, Samba, Kathua, Rajouri and Poonch and 40% from other districts.This comes at a time when the fate of the Permanent Resident Certificate is not clear.last_img read more

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